China is one of the charter members of the United Nations. It is one of five permanent members of its Security Council. One of the victorious Allies of the Second World War, the Republic of China (ROC) joined the UN upon its founding in 1945. The subsequent resumption of the Chinese Civil war led to the establishment of the Peoples Republic of China (PRC)in 1949. All of the Chinese mainlands were soon under its control and the ROC retreated to the island refuge of Taiwan. The One China policy advocated by both governments did not approve of the solution of dual representation. The ROC used its Security Council veto only once, to stop the admission of the Mongolian People’s Republic to the united nations in 1955 on the grounds it recognized all of Mongolia as part of China.
The republic of china (ROC) was a charter member of the united nations and one of the five permanent members of the security council until 1971. The ROC joined the United Nations as a founding member on 24th October 1945. China, in recognition of its long-standing fight against aggression. It was given the honor of being the first to sign the UN charter.
President Franklin Roosevelt had acknowledged China’s war effort in world war II and wanted to allow China to “play its proper role in maintaining peace and prosperity” in the world. Thus, despite opposition from other leaders, especially Winston Churchill, china became a permanent member of the security council from its creation in 1945. China and its foreign relations with the Peoples Republic of China (PRC), made way for them and China to interact with foreign nations and express its political and economic weaknesses and values. As a great power and emerging superpower, china’s foreign policy and strategic thinking are highly influential and impactful.
China officially claims it “unswervingly pursues an independent foreign policy of peace. The fundamental goals of this policy are to preserve China’s independence, sovereignty, and territorial integrity, create a favorable international environment for China. Like most other nations, China’s foreign policy is made by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. However, the Foreign Affairs Ministry is subordinate to the Foreign Affairs Leading Group, which decides on policy-making. China has improved ties with Russia. Vladimir Putin and Jiang Zemin signed a Treaty of Friendship and Cooperation in July 2001. The two also joined with the Central Asian countries of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan to found the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) in June 2001. The SCO is devised to promote regional stability and cooperate to combat terrorism in the region.
Relations with India have also improved considerably. After years of competition, general distrust between the two states and relations in the 21st century have never been more harmonious. This was because they have started to work together in several economic and strategic areas. Both countries have excelled in their economy.