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April 2021

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INTRODUCTION

India is a diverse country which is been reputed for its culture and tradition. All of us need to respect our culture and society. So today we are going to talk about beautiful architecture situated in Patan, Gujarat. Rankivav is situated in Patan and is also known as Queen’s Stepwell. It is located on the banks of the Saraswati river. It is reputed for its designed inverted temple which highlights the purity of water. This structure was built in memory of Bhima, by his queen Udyamati. Rankivav was constructed during Chalukya Dynasty. It has the structure of Goddesses like Lakshmi, Parvathi, Saraswati, Durga, and many more. Rankivav has a great amount of historical and architectural significance:

  • stepwell culture.
  • architecture cultures of Rankivav.
  • the contribution of Queen, Udyamati.
  • a public structure.

The famous sculptures are:

1) The Ananta Sayana Vishu, at each of the lower levels with the Shesh Nag protecting him.

2) The 10 avatars of Vishnu – Vamana, Varaha, Korma, Narasimha, Krishna, Rama, Buddha, Balram, Kalki, and others.

3) The demon who was cursed to lift the weight of the world

4) An ancient game played by the artisans who built Rani Ki Vav

5) Tridev- Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva, with their consorts

6) Mahisasura Mardini slaying the demon

 

AUTHENTICITY

It has a high level of intensity in material substance design workmanship. Though it maintains its authenticity in material wise in substance but some punctual reconstruction for its stability and necessary. The outer terrace has slopes that are made of smooth material to prevent soil erosion following stronger rainfall. Rankivav, unfortunately, cannot retain its authenticity due to altered groundwater levels.

PROTECTION MEASUREs

The ancient monuments and Archaeological Sites Act in 1958 has protected the property as a National monument. The management of the property is under the responsibility of IAS and its team. The preparations for the property and its implementation is in 2013, by management teams

WOMEN WORKING AND ITS IMPACT ON ENVIRONMENTDESCRIPTION OF THE RITUAL:

In Telangana, a south Indian state, families celebrate when their daughters reach puberty or menarche. There are many names but the earliest name is Ritusuddhi, also known as Ritu Kala Samskara.  A saree ceremony is marked after a girl menstruates for the first time. It is considered a milestone in a girl’s life as she becomes a lady. During the saree ceremony, the girl wears a saree for the first time.  It is celebrated in southern India where girls take a step towards womanhood. People believe in deeming the girl physically and spiritually.

It is a ritual a where ladies perform various rituals and celebrations within the function. The saree ceremony is celebrated with the blessings of relatives, friends, and cousins. The girl for whom the function is kept is meant to wear a half saree. Basically, when the function starts, the girls wear a langa voni.
Langa voni is a traditional dress of the South of India. It is also called the half saree and involves a flared skirt, blouse, and a dupatta draped like a saree. The girl is then supposed to change her half saree and wear a gifted one from her relatives.

Gifts have a bunch of importance during the saree ceremony. There are only a few certain kinds of gifts which can be given to the girl and which are appreciated by her family. Out of those, the half saree is something which is of utmost importance as she must change it in the other half of the ceremony. Usually, the elder women of the family gift the half saree to the girl.
The girl is supposed to wear a langa voni or half saree until her marriage. She is typically expected to wear the half saree during different occasions and functions. After marriage, she usually wears a proper saree.

 

THOUGHT PROCESS:

The question that arises in our minds is Why do only South Indians (Tamil, Telugu, etc., speaking) perform this ritual in India and why not other states? It is a relevant question, and it is due to misunderstandings and the lack of knowledge provided by our gurus and priests (past and present) that this ritual is not given its deserved importance and made known to the general Hindu populace. It is due to a lack of knowledge and understanding that this ritual is not practiced outside India and completely within India too. This is particularly worrisome. Also, the topic of menstruation is not spoken about much yet and persons of tarnished demeanor can enter a temple while a female in her menstruation cycle cannot.

This ceremony is the last part of the coming of age celebration for a female. Due to a lack of knowledge and understanding, this important prayer is generally only followed by South Indian families. This ritual is performed after the young female first menstruation and marks her transition into womanhood. The transition from childhood to adulthood in any culture is a reason to celebrate, although different cultures may do so in ways, they deem fit, according to their beliefs and value systems. The cultural beliefs and practices of our society are what make us unique and what gives us an identity. Most Hindu ceremonies are performed by men, but this ritual is performed by females only. It is a very joyous time for the family. The south part do-follow matriarchy so this ritual has great importance. Whereas in patriarchal families, the celebration is considered to be normal.

JUSTIFICATION:

  • The celebration of this ritual imparts a very positive notion about menstruation in the mind of the female. The female is treated with much love and care and is given gifts. She is worshipped as Supreme Goddess with aarti. They are also welcomed into womanhood along with puberty in a positive and welcoming spirit. She is made to feel confident and happy with her feminine identity.
  • It also Imparts knowledge that equips the young female well to adjust to her oncoming physical and emotional changes during puberty; imparting knowledge regarding various menstruation practices that she should follow and the reasons and benefits of those practices.

MY POINT OF VIEW

Ever since I read about this ritual and the thought process behind it, I have been in awe.  Maybe it would have been normal and not so amazing if the practice would have been still carried out all over the country. The topic of menstruation and periods is not openly spoken about even in the 21st century.

There is also a need to promote this ritual. People do consider it to be taboo if something is natural and happens with every female. Ritu Kala Samskara also allows the female to get ready for all changes that are to come. It is very important for the girl who got her first period to be aware of all this. She should not feel like she’s dirty or done something wrong.  This may also be the result of “modernization” and “convent education” that takes on Christian ideas of taboo subjects and impurity.

CONCLUSION

But, if we were to consider the essence of the traditions and the knowledge preserved in them on their own standing, it will become clear that the Hindu ceremonies associated with the onset of menstruation perceive menstruation and menstruating women in a highly positive manner. It associates menstruation with womanhood and a woman’s ability to give birth to live.

introduction

We, individuals, are in that state where being selfish we have to take care of ourselves. The coronavirus took entry in 2020 and is still ongoing affecting many Individuals. It does weaken the immunity and, in many cases, and can cause death. India’s latest case recorded is:

  • Confirmed- 12686830
  • Recovered- 11730449
  • Deaths- 165585

the present state

All doctors and respected volunteers have taken efforts to cure it. The second wave of coronavirus is said to affect small children. It is very necessary for all to take care of themselves. It is true that people have become bored and want to make a trip. But the smart practical thing which one can do now is to take precautions. The government has provided us with coronavirus vaccination. It is very necessary for all to take and strengthen their immunity. After all instructions, there are many who do not follow it. They just roam around without masks. To this issue, the Government and police have taken strict action of making them pay 200 rupees. It is very high time for all of us to understand that this virus is really very dangerous. Home is the ultimate vaccine. This phrase clearly means that one should stay at home. An individual should make himself strong. This would simultaneously help the less spread of the virus.

conclusion

But when we see the reality everyone doesn’t follow the rule for which police have taken strict action. It is very necessary to make this virus run away from India. People do think that we do get bored at home but there are positive things that we find. We do get time to spend with the family, play games with friends, and others also learn many things such as cooking, etc. According to my, one should stay at home for they are betterment. there is always a rise after dawn which we would see soon

GLANCE

We do always talk about places and the environment which is peaceful and enjoyable. But have you ever thought of or have been a fan of horror or spooky environment? If you are interested in paranormal activities and nerve chilling places then are at the right place to discover. So today we are going to talk about some haunted places which would give you goosebumps. Though there are many stories in every section of places there are a few which we couldn’t miss.

BHANGRA FORT, RAJASTHAN

Bhangra Fort of Rajasthan is said to be one of the most famous haunted places in India. It was to be said that the town Tantrik fell in love with Ratnavati. She was the most beautiful princess in the world. He became so mad in love that he started to do black magic. When the princess came to know about his black magic, she threw that oil on him which killed him. While dying he cursed that the entire village will die and turn to ruins. From that time, it is said to be Haunted.

SHANIVARWADA FORT, PUNE

The other Haunted Fact Is to be found in ShaniwarWada Fort in Pune. It was to be believed that Maratha ruler Bajirao made this for his wife, Kashibai. Narayan Rao who was the successor of this property was 16 years old. As he was minor, Raghunath Rao, who was his uncle, was in charge of all these affairs. His uncle’s wife killed Narayan Rao because of jealousy and could get the legal opportunity. It is to be said that every full moon night people can hear Narayan Rao’s voice screaming for help.

NEW DELHI

New Delhi is said to share its own haunted places and incidents. The Cantonment area in Delhi is believed to be a spot of Ghost and its stories. The motorist says that it is haunted by the spirit of a lady dressed in white. She asks for a ride and then disappears suddenly. The only precaution that is taken is not to indulge in these activities.

DOWNHILL, WEST BENGAL

Dowhill of Kurseong in West Bengal is also known for paranormal activities. It does have ghost stories which are considered to be horrifying sometimes. People have seen the headless ghost of a young boy walking and disappearing into the forest. They have also seen a red pair of eyes staring at them from the forest. Along with it, also a ghost of a woman in grey. These activities are so intense that most visitors do lose sense or kill themselves.

CONCLUSION

Everything has two sides. These cases can be stories or facts. People who have experienced do believe it. But according to many studies and researches, it is found that paranormal activities do exist.

1.     Qualities and likings
2.     Career
3.     Achievement and facts

INTRODUCTION

Makeup as a field has become one of the most creative and sensational professions. In today’s world where makeup has become a trend on social media, Simran Taneja has made a place of success in specializing and working as a makeup artist. Simran Taneja is a fashion beauty and lifestyle influencer from India. She is also a beautiful makeup artist. She always loves to have the combination of music, chai, and makeup during her working hours.

 

FULL NAME SIMRAN TANEJA
AGE 29
NATIONALITY INDIAN
PROFESSION FASHION BEAUTY, LIFESTYLE INFLUENCER, AND MAKEUP ARTIST
CERTIFIED BODY CURE AND CARE
FAMILY MOTHER
BIRTHPLACE LUCKNOW
WORK WED-ME-SOON

 

Likings:

She is a chai addict. She has always been interested in working with her comfort, being herself, and therefore showing her skills and combine very well.

Career:

A girl who started her career with simple basic products and now is dealing with products such as MAC, Huda Beauty, Bobbi Brown, etc and she is doing great. She started with makeup workshops and classes. She has her own Instagram account by the name simran_tnj where she uploaded her work getting good approvals and appreciation. Since the year 2016, she is in great demand and has become a popular choice for bridals.

Achievements:

  • She is certified from Body Care and Cure Lucknow and also been certified by celebrity makeup artist Aditya Sharma.
  • She is working in Lucknow, Wed-me-soon, for 2 years 5 months

 

 

 

 INTRODUCTION

 Patriarchy:

Patriarchy is a social system in which the father is considered to be the head of the family. He looks after the house and property and governs the family. Patriarchal societies also often give all property rights to the males of a family, meaning, a woman is excluded from all rights regardless of her position in the family, whether wife or daughter.

Patriarchy is associated with a set of ideas, patriarchal thinking that explains and justifies this dominance and believes it to inherent natural differences between men and women. Patriarchy is a system of social organization that recognizes, encourages, and reproduces the natural and necessary domination of men over women.

 CHARACTERISTICS:

  1. A patriarchal society believes that it is the only man who can run social, political, and economic life. Women are believed to be weaker, both physically and mentally, and thus are not capable of making important decisions on behalf of others.
  2. Obedience is one of the most essentials in a patriarchal society. Women and children are not expected to go against anything the patriarch says or does.
  3. In such a society, decisions such as the marriages of the children are decided by the man of the family alone. In rare cases, some advice or suggestions by the patriarch’s wife may be permitted. Marriages are fixed based upon the property and economic conditions of both parties.
  4. In this society, legal provisions and laws are mostly in favor of men, which leaves the women with neither rights nor resources if need be. In case of marriage has to end, the custody of the children remains with the father, and the wife gets nothing.
  5. Women are expected to move from their family home to their husband’s home after marriage. It is always the wife who has to adjust and compromise without any objection.

Stop apologizing again and again if embarrassed HISTORY:

The exact time of the origin of the concept of patriarchy is still unknown. Some experts suggest that it may have been sometime around 4000 BC when the idea of fatherhood began to take root in society. Records of ancient writers and philosophers talk about the superiority of men over women and how the role of a woman is to nurture children and take care of the household, while the man looks over other important tasks.

Another theory of the origin of patriarchy states that initially, to manage the population because of the high death rates, women tended to give birth to several children. As a result, women’s focus began revolving around taking care of several children as well as the household, while men began to take responsibility for tasks such as hunting, gathering, and providing the family with food. Thus, males began to assume dominance over the women and children, and women were pushed more and more into the background.

Historically, patriarchy has manifested itself in the social, legal, political, religious, and economic organization of a range of different to different cultures. Even if not clearly defined to be by their own constitutions and laws, most contemporary societies are in practice, patriarchal. In North India, Hinduism followed patriarchal control within the family, leading to increased subordination of women. Patriarchy is based on a system of power relations that are hierarchal and unequal where men control women’s production, reproduction, and sexuality. Patriarchal societies spread the ideology of motherhood which restricts women’s mobility and burdens them with the responsibilities nurture and rear children.

MATRIARCHY:

The matriarchal family is also known as the mother-dominated family. A matriarchy is a social system organized or based on rules in which mothers, or females, are at the top of the power structure. A mother or woman is the head of the family and she exercises authority. She is the owner of the property and the manager of the household. All the other members are subordinated to her. The descent is traced through the mother. Hence it is matrilineal in descent. Daughters inherit the property of the mother. They succeed their mother and the sons. The status of the children is mostly decided by the status of the mother. Based on some studies now it is known that matriar­chal families are found among the Eskimos, Malay Islanders, Labrador Indians, the American Iroquois, the Khasi tribal of India, and others.

Matriarchy is not a system where women control and lord over men. According to some sayings it is found that:

“The aim is not to have power over others and nature, but to follow maternal values, i.e., to nurture the natural, social and cultural life based on mutual respect.”

CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Fathers are excluded. Matriarchal societies are structured in joint families, without knowing genetic paternity. Children belong to their mother’s family from which the father is excluded. Thus, children are educated by the men of their family or maternal uncles and not by their father.
  • Internal family affairs are handled by women while external affairs are usually handled by men.
  • The woman’s value is deeply respected as a source of life.
  • Family property is inherited from mothers to daughter

HISTORY:

While anthropologists question the existence of a true matriarchal society, there is a school of thought that believes the human society was originally matriarchal. Archaeologists and researchers have stumbled across evidence that supports the theory that or matriarchal societies may have once existed.

However, saints point out that just because women were described as goddesses in ancient literature and artwork, does not necessarily mean they were more powerful than men. The thing is with no written historical records, we can never be 100% sure about the rules or laws of a truly matriarchal society.

my opinion

India has patriarchal families and matriarchal in very few parts. My purpose for choosing this topic is to myself gain knowledge about the topic. And also would try to make aware how this system works and what is its importance in society. My eagerness to know about this topic would help me to find more related articles and researches about patriarchy in North India vs matriarchy in Kerala.