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Kamya Shah

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INTRODUCTION

India is a diverse country which is been reputed for its culture and tradition. All of us need to respect our culture and society. So today we are going to talk about beautiful architecture situated in Patan, Gujarat. Rankivav is situated in Patan and is also known as Queen’s Stepwell. It is located on the banks of the Saraswati river. It is reputed for its designed inverted temple which highlights the purity of water. This structure was built in memory of Bhima, by his queen Udyamati. Rankivav was constructed during Chalukya Dynasty. It has the structure of Goddesses like Lakshmi, Parvathi, Saraswati, Durga, and many more. Rankivav has a great amount of historical and architectural significance:

  • stepwell culture.
  • architecture cultures of Rankivav.
  • the contribution of Queen, Udyamati.
  • a public structure.

The famous sculptures are:

1) The Ananta Sayana Vishu, at each of the lower levels with the Shesh Nag protecting him.

2) The 10 avatars of Vishnu – Vamana, Varaha, Korma, Narasimha, Krishna, Rama, Buddha, Balram, Kalki, and others.

3) The demon who was cursed to lift the weight of the world

4) An ancient game played by the artisans who built Rani Ki Vav

5) Tridev- Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva, with their consorts

6) Mahisasura Mardini slaying the demon

 

AUTHENTICITY

It has a high level of intensity in material substance design workmanship. Though it maintains its authenticity in material wise in substance but some punctual reconstruction for its stability and necessary. The outer terrace has slopes that are made of smooth material to prevent soil erosion following stronger rainfall. Rankivav, unfortunately, cannot retain its authenticity due to altered groundwater levels.

PROTECTION MEASUREs

The ancient monuments and Archaeological Sites Act in 1958 has protected the property as a National monument. The management of the property is under the responsibility of IAS and its team. The preparations for the property and its implementation is in 2013, by management teams

WOMEN WORKING AND ITS IMPACT ON ENVIRONMENTDESCRIPTION OF THE RITUAL:

In Telangana, a south Indian state, families celebrate when their daughters reach puberty or menarche. There are many names but the earliest name is Ritusuddhi, also known as Ritu Kala Samskara.  A saree ceremony is marked after a girl menstruates for the first time. It is considered a milestone in a girl’s life as she becomes a lady. During the saree ceremony, the girl wears a saree for the first time.  It is celebrated in southern India where girls take a step towards womanhood. People believe in deeming the girl physically and spiritually.

It is a ritual a where ladies perform various rituals and celebrations within the function. The saree ceremony is celebrated with the blessings of relatives, friends, and cousins. The girl for whom the function is kept is meant to wear a half saree. Basically, when the function starts, the girls wear a langa voni.
Langa voni is a traditional dress of the South of India. It is also called the half saree and involves a flared skirt, blouse, and a dupatta draped like a saree. The girl is then supposed to change her half saree and wear a gifted one from her relatives.

Gifts have a bunch of importance during the saree ceremony. There are only a few certain kinds of gifts which can be given to the girl and which are appreciated by her family. Out of those, the half saree is something which is of utmost importance as she must change it in the other half of the ceremony. Usually, the elder women of the family gift the half saree to the girl.
The girl is supposed to wear a langa voni or half saree until her marriage. She is typically expected to wear the half saree during different occasions and functions. After marriage, she usually wears a proper saree.

 

THOUGHT PROCESS:

The question that arises in our minds is Why do only South Indians (Tamil, Telugu, etc., speaking) perform this ritual in India and why not other states? It is a relevant question, and it is due to misunderstandings and the lack of knowledge provided by our gurus and priests (past and present) that this ritual is not given its deserved importance and made known to the general Hindu populace. It is due to a lack of knowledge and understanding that this ritual is not practiced outside India and completely within India too. This is particularly worrisome. Also, the topic of menstruation is not spoken about much yet and persons of tarnished demeanor can enter a temple while a female in her menstruation cycle cannot.

This ceremony is the last part of the coming of age celebration for a female. Due to a lack of knowledge and understanding, this important prayer is generally only followed by South Indian families. This ritual is performed after the young female first menstruation and marks her transition into womanhood. The transition from childhood to adulthood in any culture is a reason to celebrate, although different cultures may do so in ways, they deem fit, according to their beliefs and value systems. The cultural beliefs and practices of our society are what make us unique and what gives us an identity. Most Hindu ceremonies are performed by men, but this ritual is performed by females only. It is a very joyous time for the family. The south part do-follow matriarchy so this ritual has great importance. Whereas in patriarchal families, the celebration is considered to be normal.

JUSTIFICATION:

  • The celebration of this ritual imparts a very positive notion about menstruation in the mind of the female. The female is treated with much love and care and is given gifts. She is worshipped as Supreme Goddess with aarti. They are also welcomed into womanhood along with puberty in a positive and welcoming spirit. She is made to feel confident and happy with her feminine identity.
  • It also Imparts knowledge that equips the young female well to adjust to her oncoming physical and emotional changes during puberty; imparting knowledge regarding various menstruation practices that she should follow and the reasons and benefits of those practices.

MY POINT OF VIEW

Ever since I read about this ritual and the thought process behind it, I have been in awe.  Maybe it would have been normal and not so amazing if the practice would have been still carried out all over the country. The topic of menstruation and periods is not openly spoken about even in the 21st century.

There is also a need to promote this ritual. People do consider it to be taboo if something is natural and happens with every female. Ritu Kala Samskara also allows the female to get ready for all changes that are to come. It is very important for the girl who got her first period to be aware of all this. She should not feel like she’s dirty or done something wrong.  This may also be the result of “modernization” and “convent education” that takes on Christian ideas of taboo subjects and impurity.

CONCLUSION

But, if we were to consider the essence of the traditions and the knowledge preserved in them on their own standing, it will become clear that the Hindu ceremonies associated with the onset of menstruation perceive menstruation and menstruating women in a highly positive manner. It associates menstruation with womanhood and a woman’s ability to give birth to live.

introduction

We, individuals, are in that state where being selfish we have to take care of ourselves. The coronavirus took entry in 2020 and is still ongoing affecting many Individuals. It does weaken the immunity and, in many cases, and can cause death. India’s latest case recorded is:

  • Confirmed- 12686830
  • Recovered- 11730449
  • Deaths- 165585

the present state

All doctors and respected volunteers have taken efforts to cure it. The second wave of coronavirus is said to affect small children. It is very necessary for all to take care of themselves. It is true that people have become bored and want to make a trip. But the smart practical thing which one can do now is to take precautions. The government has provided us with coronavirus vaccination. It is very necessary for all to take and strengthen their immunity. After all instructions, there are many who do not follow it. They just roam around without masks. To this issue, the Government and police have taken strict action of making them pay 200 rupees. It is very high time for all of us to understand that this virus is really very dangerous. Home is the ultimate vaccine. This phrase clearly means that one should stay at home. An individual should make himself strong. This would simultaneously help the less spread of the virus.

conclusion

But when we see the reality everyone doesn’t follow the rule for which police have taken strict action. It is very necessary to make this virus run away from India. People do think that we do get bored at home but there are positive things that we find. We do get time to spend with the family, play games with friends, and others also learn many things such as cooking, etc. According to my, one should stay at home for they are betterment. there is always a rise after dawn which we would see soon

GLANCE

We do always talk about places and the environment which is peaceful and enjoyable. But have you ever thought of or have been a fan of horror or spooky environment? If you are interested in paranormal activities and nerve chilling places then are at the right place to discover. So today we are going to talk about some haunted places which would give you goosebumps. Though there are many stories in every section of places there are a few which we couldn’t miss.

BHANGRA FORT, RAJASTHAN

Bhangra Fort of Rajasthan is said to be one of the most famous haunted places in India. It was to be said that the town Tantrik fell in love with Ratnavati. She was the most beautiful princess in the world. He became so mad in love that he started to do black magic. When the princess came to know about his black magic, she threw that oil on him which killed him. While dying he cursed that the entire village will die and turn to ruins. From that time, it is said to be Haunted.

SHANIVARWADA FORT, PUNE

The other Haunted Fact Is to be found in ShaniwarWada Fort in Pune. It was to be believed that Maratha ruler Bajirao made this for his wife, Kashibai. Narayan Rao who was the successor of this property was 16 years old. As he was minor, Raghunath Rao, who was his uncle, was in charge of all these affairs. His uncle’s wife killed Narayan Rao because of jealousy and could get the legal opportunity. It is to be said that every full moon night people can hear Narayan Rao’s voice screaming for help.

NEW DELHI

New Delhi is said to share its own haunted places and incidents. The Cantonment area in Delhi is believed to be a spot of Ghost and its stories. The motorist says that it is haunted by the spirit of a lady dressed in white. She asks for a ride and then disappears suddenly. The only precaution that is taken is not to indulge in these activities.

DOWNHILL, WEST BENGAL

Dowhill of Kurseong in West Bengal is also known for paranormal activities. It does have ghost stories which are considered to be horrifying sometimes. People have seen the headless ghost of a young boy walking and disappearing into the forest. They have also seen a red pair of eyes staring at them from the forest. Along with it, also a ghost of a woman in grey. These activities are so intense that most visitors do lose sense or kill themselves.

CONCLUSION

Everything has two sides. These cases can be stories or facts. People who have experienced do believe it. But according to many studies and researches, it is found that paranormal activities do exist.

1.     Qualities and likings
2.     Career
3.     Achievement and facts

INTRODUCTION

Makeup as a field has become one of the most creative and sensational professions. In today’s world where makeup has become a trend on social media, Simran Taneja has made a place of success in specializing and working as a makeup artist. Simran Taneja is a fashion beauty and lifestyle influencer from India. She is also a beautiful makeup artist. She always loves to have the combination of music, chai, and makeup during her working hours.

 

FULL NAME SIMRAN TANEJA
AGE 29
NATIONALITY INDIAN
PROFESSION FASHION BEAUTY, LIFESTYLE INFLUENCER, AND MAKEUP ARTIST
CERTIFIED BODY CURE AND CARE
FAMILY MOTHER
BIRTHPLACE LUCKNOW
WORK WED-ME-SOON

 

Likings:

She is a chai addict. She has always been interested in working with her comfort, being herself, and therefore showing her skills and combine very well.

Career:

A girl who started her career with simple basic products and now is dealing with products such as MAC, Huda Beauty, Bobbi Brown, etc and she is doing great. She started with makeup workshops and classes. She has her own Instagram account by the name simran_tnj where she uploaded her work getting good approvals and appreciation. Since the year 2016, she is in great demand and has become a popular choice for bridals.

Achievements:

  • She is certified from Body Care and Cure Lucknow and also been certified by celebrity makeup artist Aditya Sharma.
  • She is working in Lucknow, Wed-me-soon, for 2 years 5 months

 

 

 

 INTRODUCTION

 Patriarchy:

Patriarchy is a social system in which the father is considered to be the head of the family. He looks after the house and property and governs the family. Patriarchal societies also often give all property rights to the males of a family, meaning, a woman is excluded from all rights regardless of her position in the family, whether wife or daughter.

Patriarchy is associated with a set of ideas, patriarchal thinking that explains and justifies this dominance and believes it to inherent natural differences between men and women. Patriarchy is a system of social organization that recognizes, encourages, and reproduces the natural and necessary domination of men over women.

 CHARACTERISTICS:

  1. A patriarchal society believes that it is the only man who can run social, political, and economic life. Women are believed to be weaker, both physically and mentally, and thus are not capable of making important decisions on behalf of others.
  2. Obedience is one of the most essentials in a patriarchal society. Women and children are not expected to go against anything the patriarch says or does.
  3. In such a society, decisions such as the marriages of the children are decided by the man of the family alone. In rare cases, some advice or suggestions by the patriarch’s wife may be permitted. Marriages are fixed based upon the property and economic conditions of both parties.
  4. In this society, legal provisions and laws are mostly in favor of men, which leaves the women with neither rights nor resources if need be. In case of marriage has to end, the custody of the children remains with the father, and the wife gets nothing.
  5. Women are expected to move from their family home to their husband’s home after marriage. It is always the wife who has to adjust and compromise without any objection.

Stop apologizing again and again if embarrassed HISTORY:

The exact time of the origin of the concept of patriarchy is still unknown. Some experts suggest that it may have been sometime around 4000 BC when the idea of fatherhood began to take root in society. Records of ancient writers and philosophers talk about the superiority of men over women and how the role of a woman is to nurture children and take care of the household, while the man looks over other important tasks.

Another theory of the origin of patriarchy states that initially, to manage the population because of the high death rates, women tended to give birth to several children. As a result, women’s focus began revolving around taking care of several children as well as the household, while men began to take responsibility for tasks such as hunting, gathering, and providing the family with food. Thus, males began to assume dominance over the women and children, and women were pushed more and more into the background.

Historically, patriarchy has manifested itself in the social, legal, political, religious, and economic organization of a range of different to different cultures. Even if not clearly defined to be by their own constitutions and laws, most contemporary societies are in practice, patriarchal. In North India, Hinduism followed patriarchal control within the family, leading to increased subordination of women. Patriarchy is based on a system of power relations that are hierarchal and unequal where men control women’s production, reproduction, and sexuality. Patriarchal societies spread the ideology of motherhood which restricts women’s mobility and burdens them with the responsibilities nurture and rear children.

MATRIARCHY:

The matriarchal family is also known as the mother-dominated family. A matriarchy is a social system organized or based on rules in which mothers, or females, are at the top of the power structure. A mother or woman is the head of the family and she exercises authority. She is the owner of the property and the manager of the household. All the other members are subordinated to her. The descent is traced through the mother. Hence it is matrilineal in descent. Daughters inherit the property of the mother. They succeed their mother and the sons. The status of the children is mostly decided by the status of the mother. Based on some studies now it is known that matriar­chal families are found among the Eskimos, Malay Islanders, Labrador Indians, the American Iroquois, the Khasi tribal of India, and others.

Matriarchy is not a system where women control and lord over men. According to some sayings it is found that:

“The aim is not to have power over others and nature, but to follow maternal values, i.e., to nurture the natural, social and cultural life based on mutual respect.”

CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Fathers are excluded. Matriarchal societies are structured in joint families, without knowing genetic paternity. Children belong to their mother’s family from which the father is excluded. Thus, children are educated by the men of their family or maternal uncles and not by their father.
  • Internal family affairs are handled by women while external affairs are usually handled by men.
  • The woman’s value is deeply respected as a source of life.
  • Family property is inherited from mothers to daughter

HISTORY:

While anthropologists question the existence of a true matriarchal society, there is a school of thought that believes the human society was originally matriarchal. Archaeologists and researchers have stumbled across evidence that supports the theory that or matriarchal societies may have once existed.

However, saints point out that just because women were described as goddesses in ancient literature and artwork, does not necessarily mean they were more powerful than men. The thing is with no written historical records, we can never be 100% sure about the rules or laws of a truly matriarchal society.

my opinion

India has patriarchal families and matriarchal in very few parts. My purpose for choosing this topic is to myself gain knowledge about the topic. And also would try to make aware how this system works and what is its importance in society. My eagerness to know about this topic would help me to find more related articles and researches about patriarchy in North India vs matriarchy in Kerala.

ITS RELATION

China is one of the charter members of the United Nations. It is one of five permanent members of its Security Council. One of the victorious Allies of the Second World War, the Republic of China (ROC) joined the UN upon its founding in 1945. The subsequent resumption of the Chinese Civil war led to the establishment of the Peoples Republic of China (PRC)in 1949. All of the Chinese mainlands were soon under its control and the ROC retreated to the island refuge of Taiwan. The One China policy advocated by both governments did not approve of the solution of dual representation. The ROC used its Security Council veto only once, to stop the admission of the Mongolian People’s Republic to the united nations in 1955 on the grounds it recognized all of Mongolia as part of China.

HISTORY

The republic of china (ROC) was a charter member of the united nations and one of the five permanent members of the security council until 1971. The ROC joined the United Nations as a founding member on 24th October 1945. China, in recognition of its long-standing fight against aggression. It was given the honor of being the first to sign the UN charter.

President Franklin Roosevelt had acknowledged China’s war effort in world war II and wanted to allow China to “play its proper role in maintaining peace and prosperity” in the world. Thus, despite opposition from other leaders, especially Winston Churchill, china became a permanent member of the security council from its creation in 1945. China and its foreign relations with the Peoples Republic of China (PRC), made way for them and China to interact with foreign nations and express its political and economic weaknesses and values. As a great power and emerging superpower, china’s foreign policy and strategic thinking are highly influential and impactful.

China officially claims it “unswervingly pursues an independent foreign policy of peace. The fundamental goals of this policy are to preserve China’s independence, sovereignty, and territorial integrity, create a favorable international environment for China. Like most other nations, China’s foreign policy is made by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. However, the Foreign Affairs Ministry is subordinate to the Foreign Affairs Leading Group, which decides on policy-making. China has improved ties with Russia. Vladimir Putin and Jiang Zemin signed a Treaty of Friendship and Cooperation in July 2001. The two also joined with the Central Asian countries of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan to found the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) in June 2001. The SCO is devised to promote regional stability and cooperate to combat terrorism in the region.

CONCLUSION

Relations with India have also improved considerably. After years of competition, general distrust between the two states and relations in the 21st century have never been more harmonious. This was because they have started to work together in several economic and strategic areas. Both countries have excelled in their economy.

Muniba MazariINTRODUCTION

“Maternal employment and gender role attitudes: Dissonance among British men and women in the transition to parenthood”   is written by Pia Schober and Jacqueline Scott, in 2012. It is examined that how changes in gender-role attitudes of couples after childbirth are related to women’s paid work and the type of childcare used.

This article explores how childcare and women’s employment are related to changes in gender-role attitudes. This study is of British men and women across the transition to parenthood. The dissonance is examined between the attitudes of couples at their childbirth along with women’s employment. The analysis is based on the sample of 337 British couples from before pregnancy to two-three years after their birth. In Britain, women get back to their work and have a positive effect on market and career progress than those with lower qualifications. One factor affecting attitudinal change is cognitive dissonance. If women give up work on childbirth then there is an impact on women’s longer-term employment predictions and higher economic risks for children. If there is a divorce situation that may also have an impact on social norms. The data collected is through British Household Panel Study (BHPS) and Structural equation modeling (SEM).

The hypothesis found is- dissonance is likely to result in greater attitudinal change among couples that use childcare rather than care by family members and women’s larger economic resources have an indirect effect on women ‘s and men’s attitude change.

The results suggest that gender-role attitudes remain stable among them, whose work and care arrangements do not conflict with their prenatal gender role attitudes. The analysis shows that the labor market return of mothers and childcare choices are associated with changes in both partner’s attitudes.

Most of us encounter situations where our reality clashes with our expectations in life. This would make you feel uncomfortable and we have to compromise by either accepting the reality or changing our belief.

Stop apologizing again and again if embarrassedEXAMPLE

When one person’s thinking may not match the others, it may lead to anxiety. This may disturb the peaceful flow of friendship. For example, Ravi and Suhani have been best friends since pre-school. After going to different fields and college, their friendship is stressed because of their point of view. Suhani is a person who desires unity and peace, decides to stop debating with her friend on political topics. Instead, she limits herself to supporting and encouraging Ravi in situations where politics isn’t involved.

Do not Spank ChildsCONCLUSION

We conclude that cognitive dissonance is a situation where you decide to justify your actions or other’s actions. This can help your internal conflict is reduced.

INTRODUCTION

The upcoming festival of Holi is the most joyful and celebrated in India. It is celebrated in every part of the country. This festival is also known as the festival of colors, where people meet and enjoy. They try to forget all the negative and bad feelings regarding each other. This festival lasts for a day and night which starts in the evening of Purnima. It is also known as full moon day in the month of Falgun. People do enjoy this festival with colors and sweets along with songs and positive Vibes around. This ritual is famous as people do light up the Bonfire one day before the day of Holi with symbolizes the trim of good over bad.

TODAY’s SITUATION

But in 2021 as we can see that the cases are rising day by day and it has become critical for people to even celebrate this festival. According to news and cases all around, it is found that the government has banned the celebration of Holi in public places to reduce the spread of viral. The order has added that people can celebrate the festival within the house along with their family. All the celebrations are prohibited in public places even on road. Regarding the temple, the ritual will be undertaken as usual while following proper covid-19 guidelines. This festival will make individuals unite each other and celebrate along with playing colors during which physical distance would not be maintained and has the cases would rise again. Odisha Government has imposed the same rule and many of the states have does the same.

MY POINT OF VIEW

According to my, Holi is a festival which is loved by everyone and I personally love to play Holi too. Even I have searched for many events where I can at least celebrate Holi with some of my friends. But when you look at the practical picture it is necessary to maintain a social distance. This has affected a lot of people and now even I think that people should understand and play Holi safely. They do not have any restrictions but should play at their homes or in to have fun. It should be safe and sweet Holi and one should enjoy his own environment.

INTRODUCTION

WHAT ARE CONSUMER RIGHTS

The consumer right is defined as ‘the right to have information about the quality, power, quantity, purity, price, and standard of goods or services, and the consumer is to be protected against any unfair practices of the trade. A consumer is considered to be an important participant in the market and if there is any consumer exploitation the rights of the consumers are to be protected. Consumers must know these rights.

Some of the consumer rights in India are:

         The right to be protected from all kind of unsafe goods and services,

         The right to make a free choice of goods and services,

         The right to make opinions in all decision-making processes related to consumer interests.

         The right to complete consumer education

The Consumer Protection Act, 1986 promotes and protects the interest of consumers against deficiencies in goods or services. It aims to secure the rights of a consumer against unfair trade practices. Consumer Protection Councils are organizations that help represent consumer interest in the sense they guide how to file complaints when their rights are exploited

Nowadays violation of consumer rights is an extensive problem that is connected with the producers of various goods and services who do not want to give full information about their products to people. Many laws are made to protect consumer rights but often they are violated. When a client pays money for a certain product or service, he has the right to know its condition, whether it has any disorders or no, if it is food, the client has the right to know whether it is eatable or no. One should always demand their rights and the one who wants to protect his rights should demand a receipt buying a certain product which proves that he has really paid for a definite amount of money.

There are also many organizations whose duty is to protect consumer rights and control the behavior of such companies but very often they manage to avoid punishment and continue cheating people. The problem of violation of consumer rights is crucial and many people have become victims making money illegally and cheat people easily.

MELBOURNE protestSome of the violations of human rights are:

  • Deceptive Advertising
  • False Product Information
  • Fake Contests and Sweepstakes
  • Deceptive practices in health care

A person should always know his rights and fight for them. Along with laws, there are Consumer protection fields that are related to a specific area of law that ensures the ethical and fair treatment of consumers of products and services. This is a very common question – what is the need for consumer awareness and the answer to it is that it is important to educate consumers about their rights. It is necessary to remove illiteracy so that consumer can use their rights and protect them from exploitation. It also protects them to be less ignorant of their rights and question if they are exploited by sellers on manufacturers in the market.