Unpaid Internships- The Institution of Exploitation

When holidays start, or a student has a lot of leisure time, they think of doing internships to gain experience.

More than half of the students do internships to earn money even if the amount is small- they want to fulfill their short-term goals from their hard-earned money.

When they venture out to seek internships, there are a plethora of opportunities available, but to their surprise- most of them are unpaid.

A few take up unpaid internships to familiarize themselves with the work atmosphere and a few don’t take up the unpaid internship because they believe that with experience, their work should be paid for and respected.

Every work should be paid. Nobody should be exploited in the name of providing experience and laying out a workspace for them.


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Why should you pay for your intern?

Asking someone to put in their efforts for work should always be paid in monetary means because it is the right thing to do.

When the intern is being paid, they take their tasks seriously and it makes them accountable for their work. The candidature for your internship increases because applicants earnestly fill out the application form. If they are selected, they try to give their best and prove their passion for work. 

The amount might be minimal for the internship provider, but for the intern, it might be their first pay check, which boosts their confidence and makes them believe in themselves.  

Attracting interns saying that you will be giving them a great learning opportunity, whereas in reality you just benefit your company from their free work. It is exploiting someone’s talent and hard work.


When is it okay to offer an unpaid internship? 

If you are an NGO because the primary objective is to increase social welfare, and, hence, it is okay for NGOs to roll out unpaid internships. 

If you are a well-established organization and providing an excellent learning opportunity that is going to help the intern in their future. 

Internships should always be paid (barring the above exceptions) because taking advantage of someone’s vulnerability and not paying for their work is exploitation. 


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The year 2020 has shifted everything on our rectangular screens, from classes to exams, from meetings to dating. When the nation-wide lockdown was imposed in March, the life of the school and college students was suddenly halted. The government and the universities came up with the option of online classes. Initially, it was assumed and believed that only classes will happen online, but later it was learned that exams will also be conducted online.

When the students were already struggling with online classes because 90% of the population didn’t have proper resources. The news of online exams stunned the students. Both teachers and students panicked because they all were new to this system and were muddled about the procedure. Twitter was stormed with tweets to roll back the open book examination, but it went all in vain. The universities went ahead with the examination making students furious about the education system of the country.

Why conducting online exams is not a good idea.

Online exams are not inclusive. In our country, more than 80% of households don’t have a laptop. A lot of households only have one smartphone, and then it becomes difficult for siblings if their exam clashes. It excludes a lot of students and gives them a feeling of being rejected by the education system or not being cared for enough.

Not all areas have a good 4G connection in India. In India, 48% of the population has a strong wi-fi internet connection. It excludes a lot of students and pressurizes them about exams.

From the perspective of knowledge, these exams are not at all effective. Open book examination can be translated to control C+ control V examination. The students didn’t prepare or gain anything from the syllabus because they all had the option of copying it from their text.

Also, all the places and households don’t have 24 hours of electricity connection, and sometimes there can be a long duration cut in electricity making, students nervous and anxious. I experienced this, our area had electricity cut on my exam day, and I had to go to my family friend’s house to appear for the exam. 

The online exams took a huge toll on the mental health of students. I went through this and couldn’t sleep for two days straight thinking about all the mishappenings that might happen.

It is a vicious cycle because if a student doesn’t have the proper resource required to give an exam, they panic and then pressurize their parents to provide them with resources. A lot of times children don’t share it with anyone making themselves more vulnerable. Due to the lockdown, there has been a huge financial crunch in the families, that a lot of times parents are not genuinely able to support their children. All of this adds up and makes the lives of students distressed.


Instead of conducting online exams, the university should focus on giving students time to explore themselves and their interests.

They can give them a research assignment/project through which the student learns something and holistically develop their knowledge.  



As a child, we all dream about getting a job after completing our graduation. We think about a job-we go to college to pursue a degree that will take us one step closer to our dream job.

But now, the times are tumultuous, and getting a good paying job after completing your graduation or even post-graduation is not guaranteed.

The situation is about to get worse due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Due to the pandemic- people who were already employed have lost their jobs, increasing the percentage of the population who is unemployed.

Recently, a piece of news surfaced-that a young electrical engineer opens their tea stall in Ahmedabad because they couldn’t meet ends by the job they had.

In the coming times, such stories are going to buzz news.


There are different reasons why a degree guarantees no job.

👉 One, there are different skill sets which a job demands. During the degree, which imparts mostly theoretical knowledge, and sometimes the syllabus is outdated.

The degree doesn’t give the individual the skills they present market requires. Research has shown that three years after graduation, four out of five graduates were in graduate jobs.

Obtaining a good degree is not enough. The students must add value to it. Employers demand skills and often work experience as well.

👉 Secondly, competition has become cut throat. Every year there are more than 2.5 corore candidates who appear on government exams.

The vacancy for each exam is not even 10% of the candidates who give the examination.

Candidates who are- not recruited in the following year give the exam again and the vicious cycle of people not getting selected continues.

It increases joblessness in the country and forces students with a degree many times from a good institution to take up a job in the informal sectors to survive.

👉 Thirdly, many a time, even if they do get the job, it is not normally what they had in mind. The pay scale is too less, and the workload is too much.

Furthermore, sudden decreases in job availability could be due to technology advancing. As the years go by, technology is advancing more and more each day. It is making it hard for people to get jobs because technology can now do a lot more than it used to back in the day. 

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Also, creativity and new ideas are very important, which simply don’t come from your degree. Creativity and innovation don’t come from what people teach you. New ideas come from your personal experiences and your interaction with your environment.

Now the times are adverse people have lost their jobs due to the pandemic. Fresh graduates are not getting jobs because the organizations and companies don’t have enough profits to pay, and hence, they have laid off their workers and are not accepting new ones.

Yes, it is true a degree guarantees no job because many a time degree doesn’t impart the right skills and source required for the market.


JEE-Main to be held four times in 2021

Big update for NRIs and Indian students, The Union Minister for Education Ramesh Pokhriyal ‘Nishank’ said in a big announcement on Thursday that the Joint Entrance Examination (JEE Main) will be held four times as of February 2021.

During an online interaction with teachers, parents, and students, he told them about board exams and competitive exams. Currently, JEE-Main is held twice a year.

“The suggestion of Joint Entrance Examination (JEE)-Main 2021 to be held four times in a year will be examined positively, beginning at the end of February, thereafter in March, April and May-2021, for three to four days during each time,” said the Minister in a live interaction with students, teachers, and parents.


The idea of conducting the exams four times from next year is to ensure that candidates do not miss out on opportunities due to a conflict of examinations or following the COVID-19 situation, said Minister Pokhriyal.

Pokhriyal also ruled out any reduction in the JEE syllabus for the Engineering Entrance Exam.


“The syllabus for JEE (Main 2021) will remain the same as the previous year and a proposal is under examination where students will be given choice to answer 75 questions (25 questions each in Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics) out of 90 questions (30 questions each in Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics),” he said.


With regard to the class 10 and 12 board, the Minister said that consultations with stakeholders are in progress on the dates of the board reviews and will soon be announced on the basis of input from stakeholders.

“The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) is yet to take a decision on the dates of conducting board examinations including practical. In case students are not able to do practical in classes before the examinations, alternatives to practical examinations will be explored,” he said.

In view of the coronavirus situation, the Board’s examinations, which were held in March, had to be postponed mid-way. Subsequently, the assessments were canceled and the results were announced on the basis of an alternative assessment scheme.

Competitive examinations, such as JEE and NEET, were also postponed twice this year due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

In view of the continued closure of schools and teaching-learning activities being entirely online, proposals for postponement of board examinations to May have been made.


Coding sometimes, known as computer programming, is how we communicate with computers.

Code tells a computer what actions to take, and writing code is like creating a set of instructions. The coding is very important to have good knowledge in the digital age, and it enhances creativity in the learner.

The world has entered a new digital age where computing devices have taken over every aspect of life. The world demanded number of students in the field of programming and coding.

The companies also claimed kids as young as those in elementary schools must begin to learn to code. Should kids be taught coding- has become a debatable question with different views pouring from different sides.

Coding for kids


👉 Johnny Castro, a child development expert and teacher preparation faculty member at Brookhaven College in Farmers Branch/Dallas, TX, says that he emphatically opposes teaching kids to code.

👉 “Let children play and enjoy childhood – we do not need to push down the ‘career’ or interest in computer programming until the child is closer to 15 or 16 years old.”

👉 The child should explore their interest as they start learning new things in life and should not be forced to adopt coding just because it is the demand of the new digital world.

👉 Some supporters of coding say that the child has a maximum grasping power and hence should be taught coding.

programming for kids right or wrong

👉 But, in digital programming, everything becomes obsolete after 1-2 years because of the introduction of new programs. So, it doesn’t make much of a difference if a student learns to code in their later years.

👉 Screen time is another issue that affects kids who are learning to code. He believes that they already spend too much time in front of computer screens, and learning coding adds additional screen time that takes away from other activities.

Contrary to what parents may think, critics, argue that learning to code at a young age isn’t the key to success.

👉 “What will make kids successful in this tech-driven world is whether they can think – creatively, innovatively, and expansively – and that is accomplished through free, unstructured play.”

👉 The critics also highlight that- some age groups are being pushed to learn to code even before they have learned the fundamentals of mathematics and technology.

A Metaphor which is being used in this scenario is that children are being made to ride a bicycle before they have even learned to walk.

👉 But like any other issue, this too has two sides, two opinions, and two voices to it. There is a group of people who support and are enthusiastic about kids learning coding at a young age.

They say coding is beneficial for students in many ways if they learn it at an early age.

👉 They believe coding fosters creativity in a child because the child has to experiment and use their brains.

👉 Kids will make mistakes before they become perfectly at coding, and they will learn through their mistakes. Also, coding enhances mathematical skills, which helps them in applying maths in real life.

👉 Coding is also present in many STEM programs nowadays, which will be advantageous for kids if they learn it at an early age.

Children who learn to code understand how to plan and organize thoughts. It can lead to better writing skills that can be built upon as coding skills develop over time.



Whether a child should learn coding or not should be child’s individual choice and curiosity and hence they should be given time to explore their interest.




The Ministry of Education declared on Thursday that the Joint Entrance Examination (JEE) Main would be conducted in more regional Indian languages from next year. The exam is currently only in Hindi , English and Gujarati.

The National Testing Agency ( NTA) will now add more languages to this test list beginning in 2021. However, the Ministry has not confirmed the names of the languages.

The decision was notified by Union Minister of Education Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank in a series of tweets on his official Twitter account on Thursday.

jee update tweet

The Minister also said, “The decision of the JAB (Joint Admission Board) would help students understand issues better and score higher.”

To date, only the National Eligibility and Entry Test (NEET) has been performed in regional languages. Besides Hindi and English, NEET is also held in Assamese, Bengali, Gujarati, Kannada, Marathi, Odia, Tamil , Telugu and Urdu.


‘Decision will have far-reaching implications’

The Ministry ‘s announcement also stated that the JEE Main would be conducted in “regional languages where admission to state engineering colleges is determined on the basis of a regional language test.”

States such as Assam, West Bengal, Karnataka, Maharashtra , Tamil Nadu, Odisha and Gujarat, among others, are conducting engineering examinations in the regional languages of the state. The idea now is to conduct JEE Main in regional languages in those countries.

Nishank also said that this decision would have far-reaching consequences as ‘the top scorer countries in the PISA (International Student Evaluation Program) examination use the mother tongue as a medium of instruction.’

The PISA is an international aptitude test for school students all over the world. India will be taking part in this test next year, more than 10 years after it finished 72nd among the 73 nations that participated in the same PISA test in 2009, beating only Kyrgyzstan.

All the best for your JEE preparations