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This week, there was a storey that was very much in the news. Vitalik Butrin, the co-founder of cryptocurrency Ethereum and a Russian Canadian programmer, announced that he had donated $ 1.1 billion in cryptocurrency to help Corona-affected India. This is the largest partnership in history. Shiba inu coin has been launched on WazirX, India’s largest cryptocurrency exchange, according to a report by Business Insider India.

The day on which Batrin gave 1.1 billion dollars, according to the report, was listed the next day. Binance owns WazirX, a cryptocurrency exchange situated in Mumbai. According to Wazir X CEO Nischal Shetty, there was a desire from the cryptocurrency community for the SHIB currency to be listed, hence the decision was made. Binance is a global cryptocurrency exchange founded in 2017 that allows users to trade individual cryptocurrencies on its platform.

SHIB quoin on Wazir X, according to the report, cannot be directly deposited or withdrawn. Only this cryptocurrency can be bought or sold directly on Uniswap, according to the information published on Shiba Inu’s website. The SHIB coin was listed on Wazir X for 3 rupees, however its price was just 0.0015 rupees at the time, causing its investors to lose money. There has been a great deal of harm done. It is currently unavailable in Indian Rupees. Aside from Wazir X, this cryptocurrency can also be acquired through CoinDCX’s web version. Payment must, however, be done in USDT / BUSD. Aside from that, it can be purchased on DEX, Ethereum’s decentralised trading platform.

Shiba inu was first introduced a year ago. This is referred to as a dossyCoin copy of the Mim money. Despite the fact that it calls itself a “dogecoin killer.” The 50 trillion SHIB tokens were included in Batrique’s donation to India in the fight against Corona. It is estimated to be worth $1 billion. Its price has increased by almost 1000 percent in less than a week. It is the 25th largest cryptocurrency in the world, according to Quoin market cap data, with a market value of $ 7.9 billion. According to a May 10 report in the Wall Street Journal, Shiba Inu quoin supplies are reportedly valued at around $ 1,000 trillion.

When it comes to Ethereum co-founder Vitalik Buterin, he owns $ 1.3 billion in Ethereum, $ 18.5 billion in SHIB, $ 920 million in AKITA, and $ 375 million in Doglane. According to information on the Celebrity Net Worth website, he is now ranked 67th among the world’s 100 wealthiest persons.

INTRODUCTION

India is a diverse country which is been reputed for its culture and tradition. All of us need to respect our culture and society. So today we are going to talk about beautiful architecture situated in Patan, Gujarat. Rankivav is situated in Patan and is also known as Queen’s Stepwell. It is located on the banks of the Saraswati river. It is reputed for its designed inverted temple which highlights the purity of water. This structure was built in memory of Bhima, by his queen Udyamati. Rankivav was constructed during Chalukya Dynasty. It has the structure of Goddesses like Lakshmi, Parvathi, Saraswati, Durga, and many more. Rankivav has a great amount of historical and architectural significance:

  • stepwell culture.
  • architecture cultures of Rankivav.
  • the contribution of Queen, Udyamati.
  • a public structure.

The famous sculptures are:

1) The Ananta Sayana Vishu, at each of the lower levels with the Shesh Nag protecting him.

2) The 10 avatars of Vishnu – Vamana, Varaha, Korma, Narasimha, Krishna, Rama, Buddha, Balram, Kalki, and others.

3) The demon who was cursed to lift the weight of the world

4) An ancient game played by the artisans who built Rani Ki Vav

5) Tridev- Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva, with their consorts

6) Mahisasura Mardini slaying the demon

 

AUTHENTICITY

It has a high level of intensity in material substance design workmanship. Though it maintains its authenticity in material wise in substance but some punctual reconstruction for its stability and necessary. The outer terrace has slopes that are made of smooth material to prevent soil erosion following stronger rainfall. Rankivav, unfortunately, cannot retain its authenticity due to altered groundwater levels.

PROTECTION MEASUREs

The ancient monuments and Archaeological Sites Act in 1958 has protected the property as a National monument. The management of the property is under the responsibility of IAS and its team. The preparations for the property and its implementation is in 2013, by management teams

WOMEN WORKING AND ITS IMPACT ON ENVIRONMENTDESCRIPTION OF THE RITUAL:

In Telangana, a south Indian state, families celebrate when their daughters reach puberty or menarche. There are many names but the earliest name is Ritusuddhi, also known as Ritu Kala Samskara.  A saree ceremony is marked after a girl menstruates for the first time. It is considered a milestone in a girl’s life as she becomes a lady. During the saree ceremony, the girl wears a saree for the first time.  It is celebrated in southern India where girls take a step towards womanhood. People believe in deeming the girl physically and spiritually.

It is a ritual a where ladies perform various rituals and celebrations within the function. The saree ceremony is celebrated with the blessings of relatives, friends, and cousins. The girl for whom the function is kept is meant to wear a half saree. Basically, when the function starts, the girls wear a langa voni.
Langa voni is a traditional dress of the South of India. It is also called the half saree and involves a flared skirt, blouse, and a dupatta draped like a saree. The girl is then supposed to change her half saree and wear a gifted one from her relatives.

Gifts have a bunch of importance during the saree ceremony. There are only a few certain kinds of gifts which can be given to the girl and which are appreciated by her family. Out of those, the half saree is something which is of utmost importance as she must change it in the other half of the ceremony. Usually, the elder women of the family gift the half saree to the girl.
The girl is supposed to wear a langa voni or half saree until her marriage. She is typically expected to wear the half saree during different occasions and functions. After marriage, she usually wears a proper saree.

 

THOUGHT PROCESS:

The question that arises in our minds is Why do only South Indians (Tamil, Telugu, etc., speaking) perform this ritual in India and why not other states? It is a relevant question, and it is due to misunderstandings and the lack of knowledge provided by our gurus and priests (past and present) that this ritual is not given its deserved importance and made known to the general Hindu populace. It is due to a lack of knowledge and understanding that this ritual is not practiced outside India and completely within India too. This is particularly worrisome. Also, the topic of menstruation is not spoken about much yet and persons of tarnished demeanor can enter a temple while a female in her menstruation cycle cannot.

This ceremony is the last part of the coming of age celebration for a female. Due to a lack of knowledge and understanding, this important prayer is generally only followed by South Indian families. This ritual is performed after the young female first menstruation and marks her transition into womanhood. The transition from childhood to adulthood in any culture is a reason to celebrate, although different cultures may do so in ways, they deem fit, according to their beliefs and value systems. The cultural beliefs and practices of our society are what make us unique and what gives us an identity. Most Hindu ceremonies are performed by men, but this ritual is performed by females only. It is a very joyous time for the family. The south part do-follow matriarchy so this ritual has great importance. Whereas in patriarchal families, the celebration is considered to be normal.

JUSTIFICATION:

  • The celebration of this ritual imparts a very positive notion about menstruation in the mind of the female. The female is treated with much love and care and is given gifts. She is worshipped as Supreme Goddess with aarti. They are also welcomed into womanhood along with puberty in a positive and welcoming spirit. She is made to feel confident and happy with her feminine identity.
  • It also Imparts knowledge that equips the young female well to adjust to her oncoming physical and emotional changes during puberty; imparting knowledge regarding various menstruation practices that she should follow and the reasons and benefits of those practices.

MY POINT OF VIEW

Ever since I read about this ritual and the thought process behind it, I have been in awe.  Maybe it would have been normal and not so amazing if the practice would have been still carried out all over the country. The topic of menstruation and periods is not openly spoken about even in the 21st century.

There is also a need to promote this ritual. People do consider it to be taboo if something is natural and happens with every female. Ritu Kala Samskara also allows the female to get ready for all changes that are to come. It is very important for the girl who got her first period to be aware of all this. She should not feel like she’s dirty or done something wrong.  This may also be the result of “modernization” and “convent education” that takes on Christian ideas of taboo subjects and impurity.

CONCLUSION

But, if we were to consider the essence of the traditions and the knowledge preserved in them on their own standing, it will become clear that the Hindu ceremonies associated with the onset of menstruation perceive menstruation and menstruating women in a highly positive manner. It associates menstruation with womanhood and a woman’s ability to give birth to live.

introduction

We, individuals, are in that state where being selfish we have to take care of ourselves. The coronavirus took entry in 2020 and is still ongoing affecting many Individuals. It does weaken the immunity and, in many cases, and can cause death. India’s latest case recorded is:

  • Confirmed- 12686830
  • Recovered- 11730449
  • Deaths- 165585

the present state

All doctors and respected volunteers have taken efforts to cure it. The second wave of coronavirus is said to affect small children. It is very necessary for all to take care of themselves. It is true that people have become bored and want to make a trip. But the smart practical thing which one can do now is to take precautions. The government has provided us with coronavirus vaccination. It is very necessary for all to take and strengthen their immunity. After all instructions, there are many who do not follow it. They just roam around without masks. To this issue, the Government and police have taken strict action of making them pay 200 rupees. It is very high time for all of us to understand that this virus is really very dangerous. Home is the ultimate vaccine. This phrase clearly means that one should stay at home. An individual should make himself strong. This would simultaneously help the less spread of the virus.

conclusion

But when we see the reality everyone doesn’t follow the rule for which police have taken strict action. It is very necessary to make this virus run away from India. People do think that we do get bored at home but there are positive things that we find. We do get time to spend with the family, play games with friends, and others also learn many things such as cooking, etc. According to my, one should stay at home for they are betterment. there is always a rise after dawn which we would see soon

GLANCE

We do always talk about places and the environment which is peaceful and enjoyable. But have you ever thought of or have been a fan of horror or spooky environment? If you are interested in paranormal activities and nerve chilling places then are at the right place to discover. So today we are going to talk about some haunted places which would give you goosebumps. Though there are many stories in every section of places there are a few which we couldn’t miss.

BHANGRA FORT, RAJASTHAN

Bhangra Fort of Rajasthan is said to be one of the most famous haunted places in India. It was to be said that the town Tantrik fell in love with Ratnavati. She was the most beautiful princess in the world. He became so mad in love that he started to do black magic. When the princess came to know about his black magic, she threw that oil on him which killed him. While dying he cursed that the entire village will die and turn to ruins. From that time, it is said to be Haunted.

SHANIVARWADA FORT, PUNE

The other Haunted Fact Is to be found in ShaniwarWada Fort in Pune. It was to be believed that Maratha ruler Bajirao made this for his wife, Kashibai. Narayan Rao who was the successor of this property was 16 years old. As he was minor, Raghunath Rao, who was his uncle, was in charge of all these affairs. His uncle’s wife killed Narayan Rao because of jealousy and could get the legal opportunity. It is to be said that every full moon night people can hear Narayan Rao’s voice screaming for help.

NEW DELHI

New Delhi is said to share its own haunted places and incidents. The Cantonment area in Delhi is believed to be a spot of Ghost and its stories. The motorist says that it is haunted by the spirit of a lady dressed in white. She asks for a ride and then disappears suddenly. The only precaution that is taken is not to indulge in these activities.

DOWNHILL, WEST BENGAL

Dowhill of Kurseong in West Bengal is also known for paranormal activities. It does have ghost stories which are considered to be horrifying sometimes. People have seen the headless ghost of a young boy walking and disappearing into the forest. They have also seen a red pair of eyes staring at them from the forest. Along with it, also a ghost of a woman in grey. These activities are so intense that most visitors do lose sense or kill themselves.

CONCLUSION

Everything has two sides. These cases can be stories or facts. People who have experienced do believe it. But according to many studies and researches, it is found that paranormal activities do exist.

ITS RELATION

China is one of the charter members of the United Nations. It is one of five permanent members of its Security Council. One of the victorious Allies of the Second World War, the Republic of China (ROC) joined the UN upon its founding in 1945. The subsequent resumption of the Chinese Civil war led to the establishment of the Peoples Republic of China (PRC)in 1949. All of the Chinese mainlands were soon under its control and the ROC retreated to the island refuge of Taiwan. The One China policy advocated by both governments did not approve of the solution of dual representation. The ROC used its Security Council veto only once, to stop the admission of the Mongolian People’s Republic to the united nations in 1955 on the grounds it recognized all of Mongolia as part of China.

HISTORY

The republic of china (ROC) was a charter member of the united nations and one of the five permanent members of the security council until 1971. The ROC joined the United Nations as a founding member on 24th October 1945. China, in recognition of its long-standing fight against aggression. It was given the honor of being the first to sign the UN charter.

President Franklin Roosevelt had acknowledged China’s war effort in world war II and wanted to allow China to “play its proper role in maintaining peace and prosperity” in the world. Thus, despite opposition from other leaders, especially Winston Churchill, china became a permanent member of the security council from its creation in 1945. China and its foreign relations with the Peoples Republic of China (PRC), made way for them and China to interact with foreign nations and express its political and economic weaknesses and values. As a great power and emerging superpower, china’s foreign policy and strategic thinking are highly influential and impactful.

China officially claims it “unswervingly pursues an independent foreign policy of peace. The fundamental goals of this policy are to preserve China’s independence, sovereignty, and territorial integrity, create a favorable international environment for China. Like most other nations, China’s foreign policy is made by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. However, the Foreign Affairs Ministry is subordinate to the Foreign Affairs Leading Group, which decides on policy-making. China has improved ties with Russia. Vladimir Putin and Jiang Zemin signed a Treaty of Friendship and Cooperation in July 2001. The two also joined with the Central Asian countries of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan to found the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) in June 2001. The SCO is devised to promote regional stability and cooperate to combat terrorism in the region.

CONCLUSION

Relations with India have also improved considerably. After years of competition, general distrust between the two states and relations in the 21st century have never been more harmonious. This was because they have started to work together in several economic and strategic areas. Both countries have excelled in their economy.

INTRODUCTION

The upcoming festival of Holi is the most joyful and celebrated in India. It is celebrated in every part of the country. This festival is also known as the festival of colors, where people meet and enjoy. They try to forget all the negative and bad feelings regarding each other. This festival lasts for a day and night which starts in the evening of Purnima. It is also known as full moon day in the month of Falgun. People do enjoy this festival with colors and sweets along with songs and positive Vibes around. This ritual is famous as people do light up the Bonfire one day before the day of Holi with symbolizes the trim of good over bad.

TODAY’s SITUATION

But in 2021 as we can see that the cases are rising day by day and it has become critical for people to even celebrate this festival. According to news and cases all around, it is found that the government has banned the celebration of Holi in public places to reduce the spread of viral. The order has added that people can celebrate the festival within the house along with their family. All the celebrations are prohibited in public places even on road. Regarding the temple, the ritual will be undertaken as usual while following proper covid-19 guidelines. This festival will make individuals unite each other and celebrate along with playing colors during which physical distance would not be maintained and has the cases would rise again. Odisha Government has imposed the same rule and many of the states have does the same.

MY POINT OF VIEW

According to my, Holi is a festival which is loved by everyone and I personally love to play Holi too. Even I have searched for many events where I can at least celebrate Holi with some of my friends. But when you look at the practical picture it is necessary to maintain a social distance. This has affected a lot of people and now even I think that people should understand and play Holi safely. They do not have any restrictions but should play at their homes or in to have fun. It should be safe and sweet Holi and one should enjoy his own environment.

INTRODUCTION

WHAT ARE CONSUMER RIGHTS

The consumer right is defined as ‘the right to have information about the quality, power, quantity, purity, price, and standard of goods or services, and the consumer is to be protected against any unfair practices of the trade. A consumer is considered to be an important participant in the market and if there is any consumer exploitation the rights of the consumers are to be protected. Consumers must know these rights.

Some of the consumer rights in India are:

         The right to be protected from all kind of unsafe goods and services,

         The right to make a free choice of goods and services,

         The right to make opinions in all decision-making processes related to consumer interests.

         The right to complete consumer education

The Consumer Protection Act, 1986 promotes and protects the interest of consumers against deficiencies in goods or services. It aims to secure the rights of a consumer against unfair trade practices. Consumer Protection Councils are organizations that help represent consumer interest in the sense they guide how to file complaints when their rights are exploited

Nowadays violation of consumer rights is an extensive problem that is connected with the producers of various goods and services who do not want to give full information about their products to people. Many laws are made to protect consumer rights but often they are violated. When a client pays money for a certain product or service, he has the right to know its condition, whether it has any disorders or no, if it is food, the client has the right to know whether it is eatable or no. One should always demand their rights and the one who wants to protect his rights should demand a receipt buying a certain product which proves that he has really paid for a definite amount of money.

There are also many organizations whose duty is to protect consumer rights and control the behavior of such companies but very often they manage to avoid punishment and continue cheating people. The problem of violation of consumer rights is crucial and many people have become victims making money illegally and cheat people easily.

MELBOURNE protestSome of the violations of human rights are:

  • Deceptive Advertising
  • False Product Information
  • Fake Contests and Sweepstakes
  • Deceptive practices in health care

A person should always know his rights and fight for them. Along with laws, there are Consumer protection fields that are related to a specific area of law that ensures the ethical and fair treatment of consumers of products and services. This is a very common question – what is the need for consumer awareness and the answer to it is that it is important to educate consumers about their rights. It is necessary to remove illiteracy so that consumer can use their rights and protect them from exploitation. It also protects them to be less ignorant of their rights and question if they are exploited by sellers on manufacturers in the market.

RISHI PANCHAMI- HINDU RITUAL

Rishi Panchami is a Hindu religion that is given great respect and followed by many Hindu people.it is also known as Rushi Panchami. Rishi Panchami is the fifth day, the very next day after Ganesh Chaturthi, the day in Bhadra pad month of the lunar calendar.  Rishi Panchami is not celebrated as a festival, but it is a fasting day in which Hindus worship “Sapta Rishis” for getting rid of their past sins. Sapta rishis basically mean 7 sages which include- Kashyap, Atri, Vishwamitra, Gautama, Jamadagni, Bharadhvaja, and Vasishta.

In some parts of Kerala, the day is also celebrated as Vishwakarma Puja. Rishi Panchami is also celebrated as Raksha Bandhan or “Rakhi festival” by some Dadhich Brahmins and also Agrawal and Maheshwari communities of Rajasthan. Sisters tie “Rakhi” and both brothers and sisters pray for the well-being of each other and promise to protect each other.

On Rishi Panchami, a ritual bath is taken in holy rivers, ponds, or in other water bodies. Lord Ganesh, Navagraha (nine planetary Gods), Saptarshis (seven Sages), and Arundhati are worshipped on this day. The women offer ‘Prasad’ to Gods and wash their husband’s feet.

Rishi Panchami is mainly observed by women as a fasting day in which they pay obeisance to the Sapta Rishi for getting purified from Rajaswala Dosha. In this “Varta”, the people express respect, gratitude, and remembrance of the great deeds of those ancient rishis, who devoted their lives to the welfare of society. The fast is to be observed by women.

Hindus believe that women become dirty during the menstrual cycle. They maintain strict rules for women during the menstrual cycle. They are not allowed to enter the kitchen for cooking, cannot touch sofas or bed as well as do not participate in any religious activity.

Why Rishi Panchami Celebrated?

The festival of Rishi Panchami is celebrated in memory of great Indian Saptarishis. The word Panchami represents not only the fifth day but also the sages. The Saptarishis had also sacrificed their lives to eliminate evil from this land. In India, this festival is celebrated with great respect. It was believed that those women who have their menstruation cycle on and if they have done something wrong- either to touch bed or kitchen, have to fast on this day so that their sins get washed off.

This statement is also popular about the Saptarishis who always worked for the happiness and prosperity of human life. They acted against injustice. It is also believed that the sages used to educate their disciples in a very proper way, due to their knowledge and wisdom. Taking inspiration from them, any human can easily walk on the path of charity, humanity, and knowledge.

 

Reason Behind Rishi Panchami Vrat:

Once upon a time in the ‘Vidarbha ’state, the Brahmin named Uttak used to live with his wife. They had a son and a daughter in their family. Brahmin made his daughter marry a good and reputed Brahmin family. But as time passed, the husband of the girl got premature death; and she became a widow and after that, she came back to her father’s house. Suddenly on somedays, the girl got worms/insects over her entire body. After noticing her infected body; they got distressed by the grief and took her daughter to Rishi to know what had happened to their daughter.

Uttak told the whole story to Rishi; what happened and what things they did to make her well. He told everything about her past life. Rishi had a talk to her parents about the description of the girl’s earlier birth. And said that the girl was a Brahmin in the previous birth. She had touched the house, utensils, etc., even after having her menstruation period (Rajaswala Dosha). Because of this unintentionally done sin, she got the worms on her full body.

According to the ancient scriptures; A girl or a lady is on her menstrual periods should not be part of the Puja. But she did not pay attention to this and anyhow she was punished. Rishi at the end gave a solution that; if this girl prays for Rishi Panchami, worships with all her hearts for puja, and asks for forgiveness with respect, she would get rid of her sins sooner. Thus, by keeping fast and worship, their daughter got free from her past sin.

 RITUAL

On this day there is a ritual of taking a bath and putting on clean clothes. To make a square-shaped diagram using Haldi, Kumkum, and Roli at a clean place in the house. To decorate the flowers and offer flowers to the Sapta Rishi. In several regions, this puja process is done on the river bank or near a pond. Women do not eat fruits, rice, or other items after this puja, rather they consume a special type of rice on Rishi Panchami. People also eat items of “Rava” because it is to be believed that eating these food items helps to wash away sins committed intentionally or unintentionally.

 MY POINT OF VIEW

India is a country that has thousands of religions, customs, traditions, and rituals followed by thousands of people. People believe that fasting on Rishi Panchami is good for women to get rid of sins during their menstrual cycle. According to me, fasting is not related to the washings away of bad deeds. Not all religion accepts to follow periods for 3 days. This menstruation is considered to be a bad thing that has made girls face many things such as not entering temples or kitchens or not attending any functions. It is to be said that in previous birth that girl has done bad things or “karma” which she has to pay in this life- in Hindi term, a girl in her periods is said to be “AASHUDH”. Practically thinking, this cycle helps to clean all our waste of the body making it clean and systematic. People believing in this tradition is not an issue but applying this reason for everyone is not valid. For instance, if one has a superstition about this ritual and believes it, she must do that but then not consider other women being in menstruation as untouchable.

Being a Jain and a follower of Jainism, I do follow periods for three days but was unaware of this ritual. If people follow it, I respect it but I don’t force or like to tell them that they should follow because it’s their personal choice and I respect it.

EAST WEST LINK, MELBOURNE

Melbourne is the capital of the Australian state of Victoria. It is last the most populous city in the state of Victoria. It occupied most of the coastline of Port Phillip Bay. The East-West Link is a road construction of an 18km tollway in the city.

It was intended to connect the Eastern Freeway at Clifton Hill with the Western Ring Road at Sunshine West. The government signed a $5.3 billion contract to build the EAST WEST CONNECT consortium in September 2014, right before the state elections. The construction became a central issue in the election and due to change in the government, the project was canceled for $1.1 billion.

The first stage in this project was a 4.4km tunnel from Hoddle Street, Clifton Hill to Citylink at Parkville. This road development was due for completion in the year 2020. The second stage was a ring road, due by early 2023. The entire project would cost around $15-$17 billion.
This freeway road project first emerged in 1954. The aims to achieve through this road
development was: