India is a diverse country which is been reputed for its culture and tradition. All of us need to respect our culture and society. So today we are going to talk about beautiful architecture situated in Patan, Gujarat. Rankivav is situated in Patan and is also known as Queen’s Stepwell. It is located on the banks of the Saraswati river. It is reputed for its designed inverted temple which highlights the purity of water. This structure was built in memory of Bhima, by his queen Udyamati. Rankivav was constructed during Chalukya Dynasty. It has the structure of Goddesses like Lakshmi, Parvathi, Saraswati, Durga, and many more. Rankivav has a great amount of historical and architectural significance:

  • stepwell culture.
  • architecture cultures of Rankivav.
  • the contribution of Queen, Udyamati.
  • a public structure.

The famous sculptures are:

1) The Ananta Sayana Vishu, at each of the lower levels with the Shesh Nag protecting him.

2) The 10 avatars of Vishnu – Vamana, Varaha, Korma, Narasimha, Krishna, Rama, Buddha, Balram, Kalki, and others.

3) The demon who was cursed to lift the weight of the world

4) An ancient game played by the artisans who built Rani Ki Vav

5) Tridev- Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva, with their consorts

6) Mahisasura Mardini slaying the demon



It has a high level of intensity in material substance design workmanship. Though it maintains its authenticity in material wise in substance but some punctual reconstruction for its stability and necessary. The outer terrace has slopes that are made of smooth material to prevent soil erosion following stronger rainfall. Rankivav, unfortunately, cannot retain its authenticity due to altered groundwater levels.


The ancient monuments and Archaeological Sites Act in 1958 has protected the property as a National monument. The management of the property is under the responsibility of IAS and its team. The preparations for the property and its implementation is in 2013, by management teams

Kamya Shah


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