“Maternal employment and gender role attitudes: Dissonance among British men and women in the transition to parenthood” is written by Pia Schober and Jacqueline Scott, in 2012. It is examined that how changes in gender-role attitudes of couples after childbirth are related to women’s paid work and the type of childcare used.
This article explores how childcare and women’s employment are related to changes in gender-role attitudes. This study is of British men and women across the transition to parenthood. The dissonance is examined between the attitudes of couples at their childbirth along with women’s employment. The analysis is based on the sample of 337 British couples from before pregnancy to two-three years after their birth. In Britain, women get back to their work and have a positive effect on market and career progress than those with lower qualifications. One factor affecting attitudinal change is cognitive dissonance. If women give up work on childbirth then there is an impact on women’s longer-term employment predictions and higher economic risks for children. If there is a divorce situation that may also have an impact on social norms. The data collected is through British Household Panel Study (BHPS) and Structural equation modeling (SEM).
The hypothesis found is- dissonance is likely to result in greater attitudinal change among couples that use childcare rather than care by family members and women’s larger economic resources have an indirect effect on women ‘s and men’s attitude change.
The results suggest that gender-role attitudes remain stable among them, whose work and care arrangements do not conflict with their prenatal gender role attitudes. The analysis shows that the labor market return of mothers and childcare choices are associated with changes in both partner’s attitudes.
Most of us encounter situations where our reality clashes with our expectations in life. This would make you feel uncomfortable and we have to compromise by either accepting the reality or changing our belief.
When one person’s thinking may not match the others, it may lead to anxiety. This may disturb the peaceful flow of friendship. For example, Ravi and Suhani have been best friends since pre-school. After going to different fields and college, their friendship is stressed because of their point of view. Suhani is a person who desires unity and peace, decides to stop debating with her friend on political topics. Instead, she limits herself to supporting and encouraging Ravi in situations where politics isn’t involved.
We conclude that cognitive dissonance is a situation where you decide to justify your actions or other’s actions. This can help your internal conflict is reduced.